Module 5: Tools for Mainstreaming Gender in Transport
5.8. Transport Sector Policy Points of Intervention
Transport sector policy is often assumed to be gender neutral when,
in fact, it is often gender blind or gender biased. The following elements
can facilitate gender aware policy and planning.
Sector Policy Check List
If many of these elements are lacking, awareness raising
and advocacy are needed to put them in place.
- Do transportation policy and planning procedures explicitly
take gender into account?
- Are gender gaps and gender specific needs, capacities,
constraints and opportunities identified?
- Is socioeconomic empowerment an integral element?
- Is there a gender balance in the transport-related ministries"
work force? Is there gender expertise?
- Is there a ministry focal point or unit responsible for advocacy
and gender inclusion at the policy and project level?
- Have women and men civil society stakeholders for transport
programs been consulted? Included in teams analyzing policy
and strategy? Included in decision-making?
- Does the Road Fund Board have representation advocating on
- Does investment in the transport sector increase access to
schools, markets, health, financial and other services?
- Is privatization of transportation under consideration? What
are the implications for pricing and safety factors that could
negatively impact poor women?
- Is there a system for monitoring the implementation of gender
components of sector policies and strategies?
- Does the transportation sector strategy address gender issues?
- Labor issues (e.g., promotion of gender in labor based
work, inclusion of women contractors)?
- Participation of women in prioritization and design of
- Discriminatory practices (e.g., constraining women from
becoming entrepreneurs of transport services or taking civil
contracts for works?)
- Promotion of safe transport facilities and modes of transport?
- HIV/AIDs prevention?
- Participatory monitoring and evaluation?
- Policy reforms with significant gender impacts (e.g.,
Increased fuel levies, increased public transport costs,
- Does the sector budget include resources for:
- Gender disaggregation of data
- Outreach and capacity building
- Grants for addressing gender issues
- Maintenance of access roads, footbridges, tracks?
Addressing Gender and Poverty
Issues in Transport Policy
Mainstreaming Gender in Transport Policy
The Government of Zambia moved toward filling the gender gap in
transport policies [that had left most women, particularly those
in rural areas, with little access to transport] through the following
- Making an inventory of transport and communication use by
- Training and awareness raising for women in construction
and management of transport infrastructure.
- Facilitating research to identify the modes of transport
used in different rural areas, especially by women, to inform
the development of appropriate interventions.
- Facilitating and providing soft loans and other incentives
such as tax holidays for rural transport operators in order
to increase access to transport for poor women, as well as those
- Empowering women to participate in the management of transport
in their local communities.
- Developing coordination mechanisms between the transport
sector and other sectors in the economy to ensure that women
- Enacting legislation to compel transporters to import facilities
that are accessible to women and persons with disabilities.
Sector Policy Resources
See Module 6 for a complete listing of gender and transport resources
organized by type of resource and issues. The list below includes resources
on topics presented in this section of Module 5.
Analysis in Transport Projects: Guidelines for Incorporating Social
Dimensions into Bank Supported Projects. Social Analysis
Sector Guidance Note Series. World Bank. 2006.
Sector Programmes in Developing Countries: Integrating a Gender Analysis.
Elson, Evers and Turner. University of Manchester, 1999.
and Transport: A Strategy for Africa. E.Rankin. World
Private Partnerships: Gender, Infrastructure and Poverty."
World Bank, 2004.
Transport Policy Development Process in Malawi. Rural
Transport Knowledge Base. TRL Ltd., SSATP/RTTP and DFID,1999.
Transport Matters: Contributions of the Transport Sector Towards Achieving
the Millennium Development Goals. GTZ for German Ministry
for Economic Cooperation and Development. Bonn, 2005.
Transport Training Materials CD-ROM. Module 1: Policies and Strategies:
Session 1.3 Rural Transport Policy Development Process ;
Rural Transport Safety Strategy. DFID, World Bank, SSATP and
TRL Ltd., 2004.
of World Bank Draft Transport Policy. Gatnet, 2006.
and Livelihoods: A Resource for Promoting Improved Policy and Practice.
IFRTD,DFID, World Bank. 2003.
on Mainstreaming Gender Equality in EC Development Cooperation.
Section 2. Priority Area 3:Transportation Sector. European Commission,