Module 3: Promising Approaches for Mainstreaming Gender in Transport
3.1. Gender-Informed Project Design, Implementation, and Evaluation
Successful gender mainstreaming in the transport sector begins at the
concept stage and continues throughout design, implementation, monitoring,
and evaluation. At the concept stage, gender specialists cognizant of
the area and local people who will be affected by the project should
be consulted. During planning and implementation, the following measures
can be taken:
Incorporate Gender in Project Planning
- Using social analysis to develop an understanding of local gender
roles, responsibilities, and transport access, mobility, and needs.
- Developing better ways to measure the value of women's time and
incorporating this into project economic and social analysis.
- Taking into account women's and men's views about the best transport
and non-transport options to meet local needs.
- Implementing gender-sensitive participatory planning based on objectives
and measures to assess when they have been achieved.
- Working with local organizations.
Planning Case Examples
study of Tanzania VTTP found that participatory planning
created a sense of ownership and accountability.
- Ethiopian Rural Travel and Transport Program aimed to reduce
the heavy transport burden of women and children by consulting
with women and increasing their representation in transport
- Uganda Road Sector Program Support included women's participation
in project preparation and design facilitated by DANIDA.
- The Social Dimensions of Transport Training workshops held
in Kenya and Ethiopia, sponsored by the World Bank, included
rapid poverty and social impact analysis on key issues such
as decentralization, health and safety, targeting of road funds,
Address Gender in Project Implementation
- Incorporating institutional capacity building.
- Conducting gender awareness activities.
- Introducing participatory approaches to build local ownership.
- Using outreach to increase women's participation.
- Building on successful community and traditional social safety nets
and credit schemes.
- Doing gender-sensitive monitoring and evaluation.
Monitor and Evaluate Gender Impact
- Disaggregating by sexf data on performance monitoring
- Including gender considerations (transport constraints, access to
resources) in baseline studies.
- Assessing the impact of transport projects on women, men, children
and Transport Monitoring and Evaluation Guide