Module 3: Promising Approaches for Mainstreaming Gender in Transport

3.1. Gender-Informed Project Design, Implementation, and Evaluation

Successful gender mainstreaming in the transport sector begins at the concept stage and continues throughout design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. At the concept stage, gender specialists cognizant of the area and local people who will be affected by the project should be consulted. During planning and implementation, the following measures can be taken:

Incorporate Gender in Project Planning

  • Using social analysis to develop an understanding of local gender roles, responsibilities, and transport access, mobility, and needs.
  • Developing better ways to measure the value of women's time and incorporating this into project economic and social analysis.
  • Taking into account women's and men's views about the best transport and non-transport options to meet local needs.
  • Implementing gender-sensitive participatory planning based on objectives and measures to assess when they have been achieved.
  • Working with local organizations.

Planning Case Examples

  • GRTI study of Tanzania VTTP found that participatory planning created a sense of ownership and accountability.
  • Ethiopian Rural Travel and Transport Program aimed to reduce the heavy transport burden of women and children by consulting with women and increasing their representation in transport planning.
  • Uganda Road Sector Program Support included women's participation in project preparation and design facilitated by DANIDA.
  • The Social Dimensions of Transport Training workshops held in Kenya and Ethiopia, sponsored by the World Bank, included rapid poverty and social impact analysis on key issues such as decentralization, health and safety, targeting of road funds, etc.

Planning Tools

Address Gender in Project Implementation

  • Incorporating institutional capacity building.
  • Conducting gender awareness activities.
  • Introducing participatory approaches to build local ownership.
  • Using outreach to increase women's participation.
  • Building on successful community and traditional social safety nets and credit schemes.
  • Doing gender-sensitive monitoring and evaluation.

Implementation Case Examples

Implementation Tools

Monitor and Evaluate Gender Impact

  • Disaggregating by sexf data on performance monitoring
  • Including gender considerations (transport constraints, access to resources) in baseline studies.
  • Assessing the impact of transport projects on women, men, children and youth.

Gender and Transport Monitoring and Evaluation Guide

Monitoring and Evaluation Tools

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