Module 2: Challenges for Mainstreaming Gender in Transport
2.5. Resettlement Issues
Some of the most common consequences of road construction and rehabilitation
are the need for land acquisition, displacement of adjacent communities,
When roads and other transport construction displace people, women, girls
and the elderly suffer the negative impacts disproportionately. It is
very important to ensure that adequate safeguard
procedures are followed and that gender is addressed in mitigation
- Gender disparities tend to be aggravated in times of social and
economic stress such as resettlement in a new area.
- Women, girls and indigenous people tend to have lower levels of
education, skills, health and nutrition than men and boys.
- The gender dimensions of land ownership, control of money, and vulnerability
are often overlooked when it comes to compensation for lost property
such as farmlands, etc.
- Restricted mobility and lack of exposure to other contexts reduces
women's and girls' ability to adjust to new situations.
- Loss of familiar sources of fuel wood, fodder, water and other
resources has a greater impact on women and girls because it is their
responsibility to collect them.
- Gender disparities embedded in traditional practices often render
women and girls vulnerable to violence and stress during resettlement.
- Breakdown of community networks due to resettlement has a greater
impact on women because they are a source of help during time of crisis.
- Some women may need special assistance for transport to the resettlement
- Adverse effects on women have an impact on the well being of their
families, particularly children and the elderly.
Inputs from social scientists during the concept and design stages,
and social assessments which specifically address the gender and age
dimensions of land ownership and displacement prior to the beginning
of civil works are all mitigating actions which can help create frameworks
and concrete actions to address these differential impacts.