Module 1: Why Gender and Transport?
Intro | Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5

1. Why Gender and Transport

What is "Gender"?

Gender refers to culturally- based expectations of the roles and behaviors of males and females. The term distinguishes socially constructed roles from biologically determined aspects of being male and female.

Gender roles and responsibilities transform over the life cycle and can change overall, sometimes quite quickly.

Several aspects of gender roles and responsibilities undermine economic growth and reduce the well-being of men, women, and children:

  • Gender-based division of labor
  • Disparities in power and control of resources;
  • Gender biases in rights and entitlements


The purpose of this module is to provide a quick overview of the differences in men's and women's transport-related tasks, needs, constraints, and opportunities as well as their significance for transport planning and implementation decisions. Some of the entry points for mainstreaming gender in the transport sector are identified.

***This module is also available as a powerpoint presentation which can be used for training purposes.

Part 1: Transport Tasks

Part 2: Transport Planning

Part 3: Multi-Sectoral Issues

Part 4: Mainstreaming Gender in Transport

Part 5: Selected Resources

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