GENDER AND TRANSPORT RESOURCE GUIDE
Module 1: Why Gender and Transport?
1.3. Multi-Sectoral IssuesThere are many important linkages between transport and other sectors. Transport infrastructure and services provide access to basic services such as health clinics, schools, markets, administrative offices as well as agricultural extension, pension distribution points, banking and postal facilities.
Access to Health
While the sector provides important physical access to health clinics and hospitals through the provision of infrastructure and services, it also has an important impact as a major vector for the spread of HIV/AIDS.
Transport and HIV/AIDS
* Source: World Bank 2004 Integrating Gender into HIV/AIDS Programs
HIV/AIDS Prevention and TreatmentTransport policies, strategies, and communication campaigns need to address HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment. Today, every World Bank transport project in Africa uses HIV/AIDS clauses in the bidding documents to ensure that access to information and prevention is given to workers. In addition, several ministries have created HIV/AIDS policies and strategies for further outreach and created effective partnerships with NGOs working on HIV/AIDS issues.
Source: AIDS and Transport in Africa -- A Framework for Meeting the Challenge. World Bank, AFTTR, July 2003.
Maternal MortalityEvery minute, around the world*:
*Source: White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood Website www.whiteribbonalliance.org
Source: Millennium Development Goals Report. United Nations, 2005. pg. 22.
How can the transport sector help to reduce maternal mortality?
Access to EducationWithout access to transport, labor consuming domestic tasks leave little or no time for girls', youth's and women's education and skills training.
Intermediate means of transport (IMT) non-motorized transport (NMT), such as traction animals, and non-transport low cost technology reduce women's and girls' burden for collection of water and wood, leaving them time for school. In addition, bicycles can enable girls to attend school and reach school with less risk of gender based violence.
Gender and Transport Dimensions of the MDGsTransport sector policies are increasingly focused on poverty reduction, reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as well as economic growth. Poverty reduction and compensation strategies must be gender-sensitive to ensure that they benefit the poor, particularly women.
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